Andrei Linchenko (Moscow)
Images of mnemonic solidarity of Russian Germans in Russia and Germany: autobiographical memory and media discourses
The report represents the results of the study of autobiographical memory of the Russian Germans, conducted in 2018 in Germany and in 2019 in Russia. Based on the work of R. Brubaker, the migrants are viewed as a transnational group with a special hybrid identity. Understanding Russian Germans as a transnational group means that the boundaries of their identity are situational and are formed within a dynamic socio-cultural context. In the case of the Russian Germans, such contexts are the cultural memory of the USSR, Russian historical experience, as well as their migration experience in Germany. Based on a series of narrative interviews, the biographical method (F. Schütze), the types of the images and the boundaries of mnemonic solidarity, the forms of their representation in the narratives of autobiographical memory were analyzed. The report will show the differences revealed in the autobiographical memory of the Russian Germans in the context of their media discourses. In this regard, biographical research methods were supplemented by the methodology of the critical discourse analysis. Based on the theoretical model of Siegfried Jäger, we analyzed the main strategies for constructing mnemonic solidarity in the media resources of the Russian Germans in Russia and Germany. The report will show the specifics of the influence of the media environment on the autobiographical memory of the Russian Germans in Russia and Germany. It is concluded that it is the media environment that is one of the most important transnational factors in the formation of the mnemonic solidarity of the Russian Germans in the current situation.